Using Artificial Intelligence to Map the Brain’s Wiring

In July, neuroscientist Sebastian Seung and his collaborators finished an 18-month marathon task. Working with roughly a terabyte of data, his team used artificial intelligence to reconstruct all the neural wiring within a 0.001 cubic millimeter chunk of mouse cortex. ... His team is racing to complete the next stage of the project — they plan to expand their efforts a thousand-fold to reconstruct a cubic millimeter chunk of mouse cortex. Both maps are part of a multi-lab program called Machine Intelligence from Cortical Networks (MICrONS), which is funded by Intelligence Advanced Research Projects Activity (IARPA), the U.S. federal government’s intelligence research agency.